samedi, 11 septembre 2021|

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The political function of humanism

In this paper I’ll try to apply the political function of humanism through a constructivist perspective. This approach will be treated starting from an initial difference of the concept of Being, which shifts in the opposition between “Being in the world” and “Being for the world”. Beginning from this difference, I’ll try to argue what sort of oppositions, concepts or social mechanisms derive from the initial division inside the concept of Being. As will further be explained, all the oppositions which derive from this initial division, will have to do with the “Thing” to be, namely the human being. I’ll try to explain that, as Giorgio Agamben puts it, humanity is nothing more than the product of humanism as a political doctrine. The human being will not be treated as an essential concept or a monolithic category, but on the contrary, the question that will be raised is : What kind of social and political mechanisms lie within the existence of the human as a symbol of totality ? Or to go a bit further : What sort of differences are being neglected when we talk about the “homo sapiens” as the essence of our being ? This approach will be explained according to an anti-humanist perspective with authors such as Giorgio Agamben, Michel Foucault and George Bataille, all of whom have analyzed the differences that lie within the human being. On this topic, the main difference and the major ambivalence which all of them agree is the opposition between body and reason, which in fact raises important questions on contemporary society where we are talking more and more about the colonization of the body from reason.